Albinism is an inherited genetic condition that reduces the amount of melanin pigment formed in the skin, hair and/or eyes. Albinism occurs in all racial and ethnic groups throughout the world. In the U.S., approximately one in 18,000 to 20,000 people has some type of albinism.
- CONGENITAL RUBELLA SYNDROME
Congenital rubella syndrome occurs when the rubella virus in the mother affects the developing baby, usually in the first three months of pregnancy. Since the introduction of the rubella vaccine, cases have decreased dramatically.
Glaucoma is a group of eye disorders that lead to progressive damage to the optic nerve. People with glaucoma can lose nerve tissue, resulting in vision loss.
- LAURENCE-MOON-BARDET-BIEDL SYNDROME
Laurence-Moon-Bardet-Biedl syndrome (LMBBS) is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder characterized by obesity, retinal degeneration, extra digits on the hands and feet, and intellectual impairment. In an autosomal recessive disorder, both parents must be carriers of the defective gene and both must pass on the defect to the child in order for the child to be affected.
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- MACULAR DEGENERATION
Macular Degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss, affecting more than 10 million Americans - more than cataracts and glaucoma combined. At present, Macular Degeneration is considered an incurable eye disease.Macular Degeneration is caused by the deterioration of the central portion of the retina, the inside back layer of the eye that records the images we see and sends them via the optic nerve from the eye to the brain.
- STARGARDT'S DISEASE
Stargardt's disease (also known as fundus flavimaculatus and Stargardt's macular dystrophy) is the most common form of inherited juvenile macular degeneration. Inherited as an autosomal recessive trait, it is a severe form of MD that begins in late childhood, leading to legal blindness. Stargardt's disease is symptomatically similar to age-related macular degeneration, and it affects approximately one in 10,000 children.
- RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA
Retinitis pigmentosa is a rare, inherited degenerative eye disease that causes severe vision impairment. Symptoms often begin in childhood. They include decreased vision at night or in low light and loss of side vision (tunnel vision). Also called: rod cone dystrophy.
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- SERPIGINOUS CHOROIDITIS
Serpiginous Choroiditis is one of the conditions in a group termed the white dot syndromes which all involve inflammation of the retina and choroid and are defined by the appearance of white dots in the posterior inner part of the eye (fundus). Serpiginous Choroiditis is a rare recurrent eye disorder characterized by irregularly shaped (serpiginous) lesions involving two layers of the eye surface (the retinal pigment epithelium and the choriocapillaris).
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- USHER SYNDROME
Usher syndrome is the most common condition that involves both hearing and vision problems. A syndrome is a disease or disorder that has more than one feature or symptom. The major symptoms of Usher syndrome are hearing impairment and retinitis pigmentosa, an eye disorder that causes a person's vision to worsen over time. Some people with Usher syndrome also have balance problems. There are three general types of Usher syndrome. Although the syndrome was first described by Albrecht Von Graefe in 1858, it was named for Charles Usher, a British eye doctor, who believed that the condition was inherited or passed from parents to their children.
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