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NYISE: Our History


This Braille code was never accepted for use by the British Braille authorities. The code achieved inroads into 19 schools for the blind in the United States, including the Boston school, where it was invented by a blind teacher named J.W. Smith in 1878. The feature of the alphabet was that the most frequently recurring letters are represented by the smallest number of dots. It could therefore be written and read quicker. It's competitor in the United States was New York Point.

Advocates of American Modified Braille code realized the need for a universal English language Braille code that would unite American and British literature into one code. This would not happen until the early part of the twentieth century.

Image of American Braille Alphabet



For our Annual Report and information on making a tax-deductible contribution contact:

The New York Institute for Special Education
Kim Benisatto, Operations Manager

999 Pelham Parkway Bronx, New York 10469 USA
Phone: (718) 519-7000 Ext. 315 Fax: (718) 231-9314